Who Is At Increased Risk For Coronavirus? A newly discovered virus, coronaviruses have become a cause for concern in recent years. Although scientists are not certain of the specifics of the virus or why it tends to affect young children and adults, they are aware of the general pattern of symptoms. An individual may show no symptoms for days or weeks, only to experience a severe respiratory illness soon after. Some cases have been fatal. Fortunately, it is possible to detect some of these early symptoms with a simple home test. Here are some tips for checking for signs of an impending coronavirus outbreak. Home testing for coronavirus usually requires a nasal or saliva specimen for confirmation. The specimen should be collected from the nose or mouth of the patient. For those experiencing chronic respiratory infections, a lung viral stain called immunoglobulin G (IgG) can identify Coronaviruses. This test is useful because it allows for rapid diagnosis of infections and the corresponding treatment. The test identifies antibodies that are specific to various strains of Coronaviruses, which makes it far easier to distinguish between them. This test has been extensively used in Europe and is available at many health care centers. Other common clinical manifestations associated with Coronavirus infection are mild fever, aches and pains, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal bloating, and joint or muscle pain. Since many strains of Coronaviruses are known to cause other syndromes such as meningitis, pericarditis, and meningoencephalitis, healthcare providers frequently test for these organisms in patients with neurological conditions. Patients with drug abuse and those diagnosed with HIV are commonly tested for other infectious agents. The only exception to this rule is if the patient has tested negative for all pathogens but has tested positive for one or two of the uncomplicated varieties of Coronavirus, in which case further testing for other etiological agents is not recommended. Those patients who exhibit no symptoms of infection or disease and who have had no contact with an infected person or with a contaminated object need testing for a higher level of screening. Persons with preexisting or unknown comorbid conditions that predispose them to infection should also undergo stringent screening. Persons with preexisting heart or kidney disease and those with abnormally low blood counts are at increased risk for developing complications from an avian influenza type H4N strain. For these individuals, tests for both A/HIV and A/PRN are recommended. Those persons who perform job activities involving contact with animals or pets and who live in areas with a high level of traffic need screening for Coronavirus. Individuals living in areas with a high level of social distancing should consider using disposable plastic hand covers to avoid transferring this virus between themselves and their domestic animals and to reduce the risk of infection. Individuals who attend crowded places such as college campuses, children's hospitals, child care centers, and daycare centers are at an increased risk of contracting Coronavirus due to the large number of hands-on activity that takes place in these environments. Also, these crowded places can be home to unscreened or improperly screened people. In these settings, proper hygiene practices are not observed and infection with this virus can easily spread among individuals. Anyone who has had previous contact with this virus or has a history of firsthand infection should immediately inform their physician or healthcare provider if they experience any of the symptoms listed above. Health care providers, schools, and public health agencies all recommend that persons living in or visiting areas with a high volume of people (such as college campuses and daycare centers) take special precautions to avoid the infection of this virus.